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恒峰娱乐官网2017专升本英语(高职)专业综合一自测试题

2017-04-17 17:38作者:恒峰娱乐官网
Part Ⅰ Vocabulary and Structure(0.5×40)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete statements in this part. You are required to complete each one by choosing the most appropriate word or expression from the four choices marked A, B, C, and D, then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.
1. We came to the station so late that we  _________  had time to catch the train.
A. almost        B. nearly           C. hardly         D. simply
2. It has rained for almost a month and  _________  some of the places were flooded.
A. consequently     B. constantly  C. continuously          D. consistently
3. At first her parents refused to let her go to the party, but she finally brought them  _________  and they let her go.
A. about         B. around         C. down           D. through
4. Steel is an alloy composed  _________  of iron and carbon.
A. primarily       B. traditionally    C. carefully           D. partially
5. It was at the airport  _________  John met Mary.
A. the place         B. which           C. that             D. where
6.   _________  do we suspect that this district is rich in mineral resources.
A. Little          B. A little          C. Few             D. A few
7. John had been working hard and  _________ .
A. so had his brother      B. so his brother had
C. so was his brother      D. so his brother did
8. The telegram was based on information from a  _______  source.
A. reliably       B. reliable   C. reliability         D. reliance
9. With five hungry children seated around the table, the food disappeared  _________ .
A. in no time   B. at no time    C. ahead of time      D. from time to time
10. Mr. Wilson said that he did not want to  _______  any further responsibilities.
A. take on       B. bring on        C. get on      D. carry out
11. One and a half years  _________  passed.
A. are        B. were       C. have        D. has
12. I don’t doubt  _________  she will learn a lot during her stay in China.
A. whether        B. if        C. that          D. what
13. Yon can write the paper  _________  you like.
A. whatever        B. however        C. anyway        D. some way
14. He told me  _________  afraid because I had done nothing wrong.
A. to be not        B. not to be      C. not being        D. being not
15. John isn’t a diligent student, for it is the third time he has been late,  _________ ?
A. wasn’t        B. hasn’t it     C. isn’t it          D. hasn’t be
16. His written English was first-class, and he had a(n)____vocabulary for a sophomore.
A. intimate     B. initial    C. inevitable         D. incredible
17. Technical schools prepare their students for the application of practical skills they learn in class _________  their work.
A. to        B. in        C. for          D. of
18. By the time you get back, great changes  _________  in this area.
A. will take place                    B. will be taken place
C. are going to take place            D. will have taken place
19. All games  _________  because of the rainstorm, many students could do nothing but study in the classroom.
A. were canceled            B. having been canceled
C. had been canceled         D. have been canceled
20. You’d better tell me beforehand if  _________  go with me.
A. you’ll rather not            B. you won’t rather
C. you’d rather not            D. you’d rather not to
21.  _________  to finish quickly.
A. Not every worker want            B. No every workers want
C. Not every worker wants            D. No every worker wants
22. Jane has said little so far, responding only briefly when  _________ .
A. spoken      B. speaking to    C. speaking          D. spoken to
23. If the whole surgery  _________  beforehand carefully, there would have been a better result.
A. was planned            B. has been planned
C. had been planned        D. were planned
24. Many people are reported  _________  in the natural disaster.
A. being killed              B. to be killed
C. to have killed            D. to have been killed
25. Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking are  _________  in stores.
A. ready       B. available     C. probable        D. approachable
26. —When  _________  again? —When he  _________ , I’ll let you know.
A. he comes; comes            B. will he come; will come
C. he comes; will come         D. will he come; comes
27. She didn’t remember  _______  him before.
A. having met      B. have met  C. to meet     D. to having met
28. Let me give you  _________ .
A. such an advice   B. some advices   C. an advice    D. some advice
29. Has anyone seen my dictionary  _________ ?
A. everywhere     B. somewhere  C. nowhere     D. anywhere
30. After seeing the film, I felt  ________  my friend.
A. same as    B. the same as  C. same with         D. the same for
31. The horse is getting old and cannot run  _________  it did.
A. as faster as      B. so fast than  C. so faster as     D. as fast as
32. She had always wanted to own a house, and now she had obtained her  _________ .
A. aim          B. object        C. goal         D. purpose
33. He once had the  _________  of selling the house.
A. fancy      B. thought     C. supposition      D. heart
34.   _________  had made great contributions to science is a fact.
A. What he        B. Which he      C. He      D. That he
35. He said  ______  was not within his power to answer the question.
A. that         B. this        C. such         D. it
36. I didn’t hear  _________  because there was too much noise where I was sitting.
A. what did he say            B. what he said
C. what was he saying            D. what for him to say
37. Don’t you think  _______  a special committee to study the problem?
A. us better to form            B. it better we to form
C. we better form            D. it better for us to form
38. He doesn’t seem at all sorry for  _________  he has done.
A. that        B. what         C. which         D. how
39. There is a crowd of people in front of the house over there. What do you suppose ?
A. happened     B. happening   C. has happened     D. to have happened
40. Sir Denis, who is 78, has made it known that much of his collection  _________  to the nation.
A. has left     B. is to be left     C. is to leave       D. leaves
Translation (20 points)
Section A (5×4)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.
81. What do you suppose would happen if the director knew you felt that way?
82. The lecture was much more difficult to follow than I had expected.
83. If you don’t like to swim, you may as well stay at home.
84. By 1992, Mickey Mouse was as popular with children as coca-cola.
 
泛读
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (2×20)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.
                   Passage 1
A library is more than just a place where books are stored. A library is a source of information. That information may come from books (fiction, nonfiction, or reference books), from periodicals (newspapers, magazines, and journals), from audio-visual materials (records, cassettes, microfilm, video tapes, etc. ), or even from a computer terminal.
Students go to libraries to study and to write research papers. The periodicals room of a university library is where foreign students often find newspapers and magazines from their countries. In the reference room, they can find catalogs from many universities in the U.S. and other countries. If you are buying a used car, the reference librarian can show you the Blue Book, which lists the prices of new and used cars. People who need information in a hurry can telephone the reference librarian at many libraries.
There are as many different library services as there are types of people who use them.  Children’s libraries provide materials for young readers. They sometimes have story tellers who read stories to groups of children, and a few have computers for the children to play with. Music lovers can listen to recordings of their favorite musicians in music libraries. Some libraries offer special services for blind people, such as books in Braille, “talking” books, and Kurzweil Reading Machines.
Libraries provide entertainment as well as information. Novels and short stories from a library’s fiction collection are a good source of enjoyable reading practice. Public libraries often sponsor lectures on topics of interest to members of the community, and a few even offer concerts and films. No matter what your interests are, you will find that a library can be a great place to enjoy yourself while you learn.
41. In libraries,readers can get information from _________ .
A. computer terminal, books, periodicals or nonfiction
B. books, periodicals, audio-visual materials or video tapes
C. periodicals, books, audio-visual materials or a computer terminal
D. materials, reference books, periodicals, audio-visual or journals
42. In the reference room of the library you can find _________ .
A. materials for young readers    B. university catalogs
C. newspapers and magazines    D. the fiction collection
43. Foreign students often go to _______ to read newspapers and magazines from their countries.
A. periodical rooms         B. reference rooms
C. music rooms             D. computer centers
44. The last sentence in the last paragraph implies that readers can _________ .
A. find entertainment and information in a library
B. read both novels and short stories in a bookstore
C. enjoy concerts and films in a theater
D. attend many lectures at colleges
45. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. There are many kinds of libraries.
B. A library is a place where books are stored.
C. Libraries provide entertainment.
D. Libraries offer many different services.
                               Passage 2
The scope of mankind’s activities has experienced expansion from land to ocean, from ocean to atmosphere, and from atmosphere to outer space. Space technology, which emerged in the 1950s, opened up a new era of man’s exploration of outer space.
Having developed rapidly for about half a century, mankind’s space activities have scored remarkable achievements, greatly promoted the development of social productivity and progress, and produced profound and far-reaching effects.  Space technology has turned out to be one field of high technology that exerts the most profound influence on modern society. The continuous development and application of space technology has become an important endeavor in the modernization drive of countries all over the world.
The Chinese nation created a glorious civilization in the early stage of mankind’s history. The gunpowder “rocket” invented by ancient Chinese was the embryo of modern space rockets. After the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, China carried out space activities on its own, and succeeded in developing and launching its first man-made satellite in 1970. China has made eye-catching achievements, and now ranks among the world’s most advanced countries in some important fields of space technology. In the 21st century, China will continue to promote the development of its space industry in the light of its national situation, and make due contribution to the peaceful use of outer space, and to the civilization and progress of mankind.
46. Space technology emerged _________ .
A. with the invention of airplanes           
B. in the middle of the 20th century
C. with the invention of spaceships           
D. with the invention of gunpowder
47. In the author’s opinion, space technology is _________ .
A. a waste of money
B. valueless to our daily life
C. the most profound development of modern society
D. greatly improving our daily life
48. China’s space activities _________ .
A. are carried out on its own           
B. depend on the important technology
C. rely on international cooperation           
D. aim at the occupation of outer space
49. China launched its first man-made satellite _________ .
A. in the first half of the 20th century           
B. at the beginning of the 19th century
C. in the second half of the 20th century           
D. at the beginning of the 21st century
50. China developed its space technology in order to _________ .
A. create a glorious civilization
B. rank among the world’s most advanced countries
C. expand from atmosphere to outer space
D. make peaceful use of outer space
                              Passage 3
There are two types of people in the world. Although they have equal degrees of health and wealth and the other comforts of life, one becomes happy, the other becomes miserable. This arises from the different ways in which they consider things, persons, and events, and the resulting effects upon their minds.
The people who are to be happy fix their attention on the conveniences of things, the pleasant parts of conversation, the well-prepared dishes, the goodness of the wines, and the fine weather. They enjoy all the cheerful things. Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the contrary things. Therefore, they are continually discontented. By their remarks, they sour the pleasures of society, offend many people, and make themselves disagreeable everywhere. If this turn of mind were founded in nature, such unhappy persons would be the more to be pitied.
The tendency to criticize and be disgusted is perhaps taken up originally by imitation. It grows into a habit, unknown to its possessors. The habit may be strong, but it may be cured when those who have it are convinced of its bad effects on their interests and tastes. I hope this little warning may be of service to them, and help them change this habit.
Although in fact it is chiefly an act of the imagination, it has serious consequences in life, since it brings on deep sorrow and bad luck. Those people offend many others, nobody loves them, and no one treats them with more than the most common politeness and respect, and scarcely that. This frequently puts them in bad temper and draws them into arguments. If they aim at obtaining some advantage in rank or fortune, nobody wishes them success. Nor will anyone speak a word to favor their hopes. If they bring on themselves public disapproval, no one will defend or excuse them. These people should change this bad habit. If they do not, it will be good for others to avoid any contact with them.
51. People who are to be unhappy  _________ .
A. always consider things differently from others
B. are usually influenced by the results of certain things
C. can discover the unpleasant part of certain things
D. usually have a fault-finding habit
52. When those unhappy people meet others, they will  _________ .
A. have a good taste of the pleasures of society
B. feel depressed about the pleasures of society
C. be happy with the pleasures of society
D. enjoy the pleasures of society
53. According to the passage, it can be safely said that  _________ .
A. if they realize the harmfulness of their habits the unhappy people may get rid of it
B. if people are in misery, they will be critical about everything
C. we should not pity these unhappy people for their self-criticism
D. these unhappy people are not content with anything they have
54. “And scarcely that” in the last paragraph means  _________ .
A. just like that            B. almost not like that
C. more than that            D. not at all like that
55. lf such unhappy persons don’t change their bad behavior, the authors suggests that people  _________ .
A. avoid contact with them
B. criticize their misconduct
C. help them recognize its bad effects
D. show no respect and politeness to them
                              Passage 4
Farmers often feel they need a lot of sunshine to produce a good crop. But lots of vegetables grow well without much sun.
The Rodale Institute in Pennsylvania published a report about this subject some years ago in its magazine Organic Gardening. The report said many different kinds of foods, from blueberries to beans, can be grown in the shade.
Some vegetables do need a lot of sun. A vegetable crop expert at the University of Maine advised putting these vegetables where they can get from eight to ten hours of sunlight a day. Tomatoes, melons, squash and peppers are among those that need the most sun. Plants that produce root crops, such as carrots and beets (甜菜), need from six to eight hours of sunlight every day. But leafy vegetables, such as lettuce (莴苣) and spinach, need only six hours of sunlight a day. Nut trees such as filbert(榛子) and yellow horn produce well with only sun in the morning.
Some fruits also do well without a lot of sunlight. In the United States, blueberries , raspberries  (树莓), and several kinds of pears need only a little sun each day. In Asia, the hardy kiwi grows well in the shade. Many herbs (香草) grow well without much sun. Mint  (薄荷)  plants, for example, grow well in the shade. So do sage, dill, oregano, borage, chamomile and several kinds of thyme.
The Rodale Institute says a garden should be planned carefully especially if you grow different kinds of foods. For example, rows of vegetables should be planted in an east-west direction. That way, as the sun passes overhead, all the plants will receive an equal amount of light. This is especially important when the plants grow to different heights.
The owner of a garden seed company warned against removing shade trees. He cut down all his shade trees to provide more sun for his crops. But then he had to protect his summer lettuce from the heat of the sun by hanging a piece of cloth to provide shade. Instead of cutting trees, he suggested putting plants that need a lot of sunlight, such as tomatoes, in containers. That way they can be moved as the sun moves.
56.  What does“ Organic Gardening” mainly publish?
A. Something related to human organs.
B. Articles on how to grow plants organically.
C. Articles on how to play organ.
D. Articles on how to arrange the garden in an organic way.
57. How many hours of sunlight does potato probably need one day?
A. Ten hours.            B. Nine hours.
C. Seven hours.            D. Five hours.
58. Among the following plants, which may not need sunlight at all?
A. Walnut.            B. Water melon.
C. Raspberry.            D. Borage.
59. Why should the vegetables be planted in an east-west direction?
A. All the plants in the garden can obtain the same amount of sunlight.
B. The plants which do not need much sunlight can be shaded.
C. It is good for different vegetables to get the same nutrition.
D. It is easy for you to arrange the garden in this way.
60. According to the passage, which statement is true?
A. To provide more sun for the plants, trees in the garden should be removed.
B. To get more sunlight, melons may be planted in movable containers.
C. The owner of a seed company planted tomatoes in containers.
D.  Being planted in containers, plants can get enough sunlight.
Part Ⅲ Cloze (1×20)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.
The Red Cross is  (61)  organization which cares for people who are in  (62)  of help. A man in a Paris hospital who needs blood, a woman in Mexico who was injured  (63)  an earthquake, and a family in India  (64)  lost their home in a storm may all  (65)  by the Red Cross.
The Red Cross exists in almost every country  (66)  the world. The World Red Cross Organizations are sometimes called the Red Crescent(新月), the Red Mogen David, the Sun, and the Red Lion. All of these agencies  (67)  a common goal of trying  (68)  people in need.
The idea of forming an organization to help the sick and  (69)  during a war started  (70)  Jean Henry Dunant. In 1859, he observed  (71)  suffering  (72)  a battlefield in Italy. He wanted to help all the wounded people  (73)  of which side they were  (74) . The most important result of his work was an international treaty  (75)  the Geneva Convention(日内瓦公约). It  (76)  prisoners of war, the sick and wounded, and  (77)  citizens during a war.
The American Red Cross  (78)  by Clara Barton in 1881. Today the Red Cross in the United States provides a number of  (79)  for the public. Such as helping people in need, teaching first aid,  (80)  water safety and artificial respiration, and providing blood.
61. A. internationally          B. an international   C. a worldly         D. a world’s
62. A. lack             B. supply                  C. necessity      D. need
63. A. in                      B. at                      C. by                  D. on
64. A. where           B. that                    C. when                  D. whom
65. A. be aiding        B. be aided              C. aid                  D. aided
66. A. around          B. on              C. within                    D. of
67. A. belong to              B. owe             C. win             D. share
68. A. with helping     B. and help                C. to help                 D. for helping
69. A. wounding                B. having wounded  C. wounded     D.being wounded
70. A. from                   B. with                   C. on                     D. at
71. A. how were people                                     B. how people were
C. people were how                                        D. people how were
72. A. from            B. on                  C. by                  D. with
73. A. regardless               B. in favor                 C. despite               D. on account
74. A. fought for                B. fighting for             C. fought         D. fighting
75. A. to call                  B. calling         C. call                    D. called
76. A. prohibits                B. protests                 C. protects                D. provides
77. A. other                      B. others           C. another              D. the other
78. A. was setting               B. has been set up   C. was set up    D. had been set up
79. A. services          B. helpings                  C. facilities        D. money
80. A. to demonstrate    B. demonstrating       C. demonstration         D. Demonstrates